Dating mark gudgeon
There is also another fish called a POPE, and by some a RUFFE, a fish that is not known to be in some rivers: he is much like the pearch for his shape, and taken to be better than the pearch, but will not grow to be bigger than a gudgeon.
There is also a bleak, or fresh-water sprat, a fish that is ever in motion, and therefore called by some the riverswallow; for just as you shall observe the swallow to be most evenings in summer ever in motion, making short and quick turns when he flies to catch flies in the air, by which he lives, so does the bleak at the top of the water.It's probably why the word gudgeon came to mean a stupid person.My Oxford Dictionary describes gudgeon as 'one that will bite at any bait or swallow anything: a credulous, gullible person'. Greedy they may be, but they have a remarkable territorial instinct.Ausonius would have him called BLEAK from his whitish colour: his back is of a pleasant sad or sea-water green, his belly white and shining as the mountain snow; and doubtless, though he have the fortune, which virtue has in poor people, to be neglected, yet the bleak ought to be much valued, though we want Allamot salt, and the skill that the Italians have to turn them into anchovies.This fish may be caught with a Pater-noster line; that is, six or eight very small hooks tied along the line, one half a foot above the other: I have seen five caught thus at one time, and the bait has been gentles, than which none is better.He is commended for a fish of excellent nourishment: the Germans call him Groundling., by reason of his feeding on the ground; and he there feasts himself in sharp streams, and on the gravel.
He and the barbel both feed so, and do not hunt for flies at any time, as most other fishes do: he is a most excellent fish to enter a young angler, being easy to be taken with a small red-worm, on or near to the ground.
The traditional way to tempt them was to stir up the river bottom with a punt pole or rake.
The curious gudgeon, which swim in shoals, would come into the cloud to investigate and be caught.
Or this fish may be caught with a fine small artificial fly, which is to be of a very sad brown colour, and, very small, and the hook answerable.
There is no better sport than whipping for bleaks in a boat, or on a bank, in the swift water, in a summer's evening, with a hazel top about five or six foot long, and a line twice the length of the rod.
He is one of those leather-mouthed fish that has his teeth in his throat, and will hardly be lost off from the hook if he be once strucken.